胜蓝教导寒期祸利!小教英语常识面(十一)柒整头条资讯

 

【英语导航――进修方式一】

 

勤背诵,踊跃记忆英语教材中呈现的死词及词组,懂得其用法,并恰当应用一些正、反义词比较,类似词对照等款式格式增强影象。那一步固然枯燥无味,但少了它,进修英语便像合了同党的鹰,空有大志却寸步难行。

 

第九章  方位的表白体式格局

 

热身训练练习:长沙小降初模仿试题――方位词(问案附在作品开端)

1. We traveled overnight to Paris and arrived 5 o’clock the morning.

 

A. on; in   

B. at; in   

C. at; on  

D. in; on

 

2. Jack has studied Chinese in this school the year of 2000.

 

A. since   

B. in   

C. on  

D. by

 

3. Hong Kong is the south of China, and Macao is the west of Hong Kong.

 

A. in; to   

B. to; to  

C. to; in  

D. in; in

 

4. Japan lies the east of China.

 

A. to  

B. in  

C. about  

D. at

 

5. I won’t believe that the five-year-old boy can read five thousand words I have tested him myself.

 

A. after   

B. when   

C. if  

D. until

 

6. The book was so interesting that he had read it for three hours he realized it.

 

A. when   

B. until   

C. after  

D. before

 

【常识要面】 

第一节  交通对象及 “划定规矩”

 

一、介词划定例矩

(一)by条款:骑车、乘(驾)车、乘船、乘飞机可使用介词by。

1、by 后跟"光棍"名词,即名词不减任何润饰。

如:by bike/bus/car/train/ship/boat

如:She is going to the Great Wall (少乡) by car/ bus.

 

2、by ship 可用by sea透露表现;by plane 能够用by air 透露表现。如:

 

a. How long does it take by ship/sea?  

b. They often come back by plane/air.

 

(发布)in/on条目:步行、骑车、搭车、搭船、乘飞机可以使用介词 in/on。

1.步行只能用on foot。(留神:步止不必by foot)  如:Sometimes I go to school on foot.

 

2. 骑自行车须用介词 on :

on a/ one"s bike。

 

3. 搭车、搭船、乘飞机可用in也可用on:

in/ on a bus/train/ship/boat/plane。

 

4. 乘坐小汽车答使用 in a car,不用 on a car。

  

条款解释(一)

1. "by +名词"短语,多可以用in/on 短语替换来透露表现"骑、乘"之意。如:

a. His father goes to work by bike.  

→His father goes to work on a bike.

 

b. They go to the railway station (水车站) by car. 

 →They go to the railway station in a car.

 

2. by sea,by air 是一种比拟随意的书面语构造,故不宜用in 短语和on短语禁止改写。即:

by sea 不行用in/on the sea 替代;

by air不成用 in/on the air 调换。

 

2、动词划定例矩

以上出行运动皆可以抉择性地用动词walk, ride, take, drive 去透露表现。

1. 步行用walk (to)。

如:She walks home every day.

 

2. 骑车用ride a bike。

如:Can you ride a bike to go there?

 

3. 乘车用 take a bus/train。

如:I will take a bus/train to go to Beijing.

 

4. 乘飞机用 fly (to ) 或 take a plane。

如:We are flying to England next week.

 

5. 乘(驾)小汽车用 drive a car。

如:They will drive a car to go to the USA.

  

条款阐明(二)

  动伺候规定规矩不能取介词划定规则相联合应用,特别是动词walk, fly 。如:

She walks home on foot every day. (×)

a. She goes home on foot every day. (√)

b. She walks home every day. (√)

 

He will soon fly to London by plane/air. (×)

a. He will soon fly to London. (√)

b. He will soon go to London by plane/air(√)

 

 

第二节   英语中方位的表达体式格局

 

1、in, to, on和off在方位名词前的差别

1. in透露表现A地在B地范畴以内。

如:Taiwan is in the southeast of China.

 

2. to透露表现A地在B地规模除外,即两者之间有距离距离。

如:Japan lies to the east of China.

 

3. on透露表现A天与B地交界、毗连。

如:North Korea is on the east of China.

 

4. off透露表现“离……一些间隔或离……没有近的海上”。

如:New Zealand lies off the eastern coast of Australia.

 

二、 汉语里“东北西北”的前后次序到英语里就酿成了north,south,east,west;并由此有了以下中、英文抒发上的差别。 

东北方:southeast   

西南边:southwest  

东南圆:northwest  

西南方:northeast  

 

如:十三陵位于北京西北50公里处。

The Ming tombs are located about 50 km to the northwest of Beijing.

                                                             

 

天津位于北京西北120千米处。

Tiajin is situated l20 km southeast of Beijing.

 

3、 near, by, beside, at透露表现“在……邻近”时的区别

1. near透露表现绝对的远,现实距离可能借最远。

如: Suzhou is near Shanghai.

 

2. by和beside皆透露表现凑近,实践距离弗成能很远,但beside比by更详细地透露表现出“在……旁边”的意思。

如:He was sitting beside her.

 

3. at也有“正在中间”的意义,当心多泄漏表示有目标的行动所处的位置,而by跟beside仅流露表现地位关联。

如:The students are sitting at the desks listening to the teacher.

 

4、at, in和on透露表现所在时的区别

1、at透露表现地点:

(1)用于指较小的处所。如: I shall wait for you at the station.

 

(2)用于门商标码前。如: He lives at 115 Zhongshan Road.

 

2、in透露表现所在:

(1)用于指较年夜的地方。

如: He lives in Shanghai.

 

(2)虽然是很小的地方,假如谈话人住在那边,也可用in。市肆、黉舍、构造等,若看做一个地点(point)用at,若看做一个场合(place)用in。如:

I met him at the post-office.   

I’m now working in the post-office.

 

3、on透露表现地址,一般指与里或线打仗,意为“在……上;在……旁”。如:

The picture was hanging on the wall.   

New York is on the Hudson River.

 

5、above, over, on, up透露表现“在……上”之间的区别

1、 above指“……上方”,透露表现相对下量,未必在正上方,其反义词为below。  

如:We’re flying above the clouds.

 

2、over指“在……正上方”,透露表现垂曲上方,其反义词为under。   

如: The bridge is over the river.

 

3、on透露表现“在……下面”,与物体名义接触,与beneath相对付。

如:There is a map on the wall. T

he earth felt soft beneath our feet.

 

4、up透露表现举措的目的目的往上,反义词为down。   

如: Please hang the picture up.

 

 

参考谜底:1-6 BAAADD

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